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Debris

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Debris

Show deprecated

The Debris service allows the developer to schedule the removal of the object without yielding any code, through the usage of the Debris/AddItem method.

After the lifetime argument has elapsed (in seconds) the object is removed in the same manner as Instance/Destroy.

As Debris is a service it must be created using the ServiceProvider/GetService method.

Why use Debris?

Beyond creating a bit of a mess, objects that are no longer required can use up system memory and cause the game to run slower over time. For this reason it is always advised to run the Instance/Destroy function on objects you no longer need. However in many cases an object may have a specific period of utility after which it needs to be destroyed.

Take the example of projectile that has just been thrown. On first thought, it could be cleaned up using:

wait(3)
projectile:Destroy()

However there are a number of issues with this approach. Firstly, it requires yielding the code with a wait, which is not always desirable. Secondly, before the 3 seconds have elapsed the object may have already been destroyed (for example, if it reached Workspace/FallenPartsDestroyHeight). In this case, the code would error as it tries to destroy an item that has already been destroyed. One answer may be:

delay(3, function()
	if projectile and projectile.Parent then
		projectile:Destroy()
	end
end)

This solves the above issues, as it spawns a new thread to prevent the current one from yielding and checks to see if it can be destroyed. However at this point a simple command has already become quite complicated and an unnecessary thread is being created.

This is where Debris comes in, and the following code addresses all of the above issues.

Debris:AddItem(projectile, 3)

Debris does not yield the current thread, does not require a new thread and will not error if the object is already destroyed. For this reason it is the recommended method for cleaning up objects with a fixed lifetime.

Properties

int

MaxItems

[Deprecated]

Historically the maximum number of items that can be assigned to the Debris service at one time

Inherited from Instance: Show Hide

bool

Archivable

Determines if an Instance can be cloned using /Instance/Clone or saved to file.

string

ClassName

[ReadOnly] [NotReplicated]

A read-only string representing the class this Instance belongs to

int

DataCost

[ReadOnly] [NotReplicated] [Deprecated]

The cost of saving the instance using data persistence.

string

Name

A non-unique identifier of the Instance

Instance

Parent

Determines the hierarchical parent of the Instance

bool

RobloxLocked

If true, the Instance and its descendants cannot be indexed or edited by a Script or LocalScript and will throw an error if it is attempted

bool

archivable

[Hidden] [NotReplicated] [Deprecated]
string

className

[ReadOnly] [NotReplicated] [Deprecated]

Functions

void

AddItem ( Instance item , double lifetime )

The AddItem method allows the developer to schedule the removal of the object without yielding any code.

void

SetLegacyMaxItems ( bool enabled )

Controls the behavior of Debris/MaxItems

void

addItem ( Instance item , double lifetime )

[Deprecated]

Inherited from Instance: Show Hide

void

ClearAllChildren ( )

This function destroys all of an Instance's children.

Instance

Clone ( )

Create a deep copy of a Roblox instance and descendants where Archivable = true.

void

Destroy ( )

Sets the Instance/Parent property to nil, locks the Instance/Parent property, disconnects all connections and calls Destroy on all children.

Instance

FindFirstAncestor ( string name )

Returns the first ancestor of the Instance whose Instance/Name is equal to the given name.

Instance

FindFirstAncestorOfClass ( string className )

Returns the first ancestor of the Instance whose Instance/ClassName is equal to the given className.

Instance

FindFirstAncestorWhichIsA ( string className )

Returns the first ancestor of the Instance for whom Instance/IsA returns true for the given className.

Instance

FindFirstChild ( string name , bool recursive )

Returns the first child of the Instance found with the given name.

Instance

FindFirstChildOfClass ( string className )

Returns the first child of the Instance whose Instance/ClassName|ClassName is equal to the given className.

Instance

FindFirstChildWhichIsA ( string className , bool recursive )

Returns the first child of the Instance for whom Instance/IsA returns true for the given className.

Objects

GetChildren ( )

Returns an array containing all of the Instance's children.

string

GetDebugId ( int scopeLength )

[NotBrowsable]

Returns a coded string of the Instances DebugId used internally by Roblox.

Array

GetDescendants ( )

[CustomLuaState]

Returns an array containing all of the descendants of the instance

string

GetFullName ( )

Returns a string describing the Instance's ancestry.

RBXScriptSignal

GetPropertyChangedSignal ( string property )

Get an event that fires when a given property of an object changes.

bool

IsA ( string className )

[CustomLuaState]

Returns true if an Instance's class matches or inherits from a given class

bool

IsAncestorOf ( Instance descendant )

Returns true if an Instance is an ancestor of the given descendant.

bool

IsDescendantOf ( Instance ancestor )

Returns true if an Instance is a descendant of the given ancestor.

void

Remove ( )

[Deprecated]

Sets the object’s Parent to nil, and does the same for all its descendants.

Instance

WaitForChild ( string childName , double timeOut )

[CustomLuaState] [CanYield]

Returns the child of the Instance with the given name. If the child does not exist, it will yield the current thread until it does.

Objects

children ( )

[Deprecated]

Returns an array of the object’s children.

Instance

clone ( )

[Deprecated]
void

destroy ( )

[Deprecated]
Instance

findFirstChild ( string name , bool recursive )

[Deprecated]
Objects

getChildren ( )

[Deprecated]
bool

isA ( string className )

[Deprecated] [CustomLuaState]
bool

isDescendantOf ( Instance ancestor )

[Deprecated]
void

remove ( )

[Deprecated]

Events

Inherited from Instance: Show Hide

RBXScriptSignal

AncestryChanged ( Instance child , Instance parent )

Fires when the Instance/Parent property of the object or one of its ancestors is changed.

RBXScriptSignal

Changed ( string property )

Fired immediately after a property of an object changes.

RBXScriptSignal

ChildAdded ( Instance child )

Fires when an object is parented to this Instance.

RBXScriptSignal

ChildRemoved ( Instance child )

Fires when a child is removed from this Instance.

RBXScriptSignal

DescendantAdded ( Instance descendant )

Fires when a descendant is added to the Instance

RBXScriptSignal

DescendantRemoving ( Instance descendant )

Fires immediately before a descendant of the Instance is removed.

RBXScriptSignal

childAdded ( Instance child )

[Deprecated]